In excess of half a century the U.S. has adopted an automobile centric transportation policy which supported dramatic U.S. economic and population growth. Alternate types of transportation including walking, biking, rail transit and riding on the bus happen to be overlooked, even neglected within the auto era where the overriding transportation planning philosophy is to enhance the speed of moving goods, services and individuals by expanding roads, highways and parking facilities. Transportation planning has began without regard to health or even the atmosphere or even the integrity and vitality in our communities.
Early these days, the threat to national security and also the implications of worldwide global warming as well as the rising price of a fossil fuel dependent transportation system and ever growing traffic jam started to point out reevaluation and reform in our national transportation policy. There's valid reason to restructure transportation priorities to aid a sustainable transportation system which supplies use of people, places, goods, and services within an eco responsible, socially acceptable, and economically viable manner.
Transportation makes up about roughly 40% of U.S. green house gas emissions. Cars generate greater than 2/3rds from the deadly carbon monoxide, 1/3rd from the nitrogen oxides and 1/4 from the hydrocarbons released in to the atmosphere.
o Runoff of road salt, dust and dirt, fertilizers, pesticides, antifreeze, engine oil, debris and litter from roads, bridges and parking lots understand into aquifers, ponds, rivers, streams and oceans.
o Road construction alters and destroys wildlife habitat.
o More than a million creatures are wiped out around the nation's highways every single day.
To become competitive globally and also to support an exciting national economy, U.S. transportation systems must provide fast, reliable and versatile access that improves productivity and profitability and reduces costs.
o Business success reaches risk when products or services aren't available on time so when worker productivity is influenced by delays and stress caused by congestion.
o Each year, U.S. companies not directly pay vast amounts of dollars in worker "congestion tolls" made up of absenteeism, parking expenses, health care, worker benefits, turnover, and decreased productivity. Employer property pricing is elevated to be able to provide worker parking facilities.
o Ten years back the typical American spent 443 hrs driving of the vehicle, or 55 eight-hour workdays. The Texas Transportation Institute (TTI) believed that in 1999 the entire congestion "bill" found $78 billion, the need for 4.5 billion hrs of delay and 6.8 billion gallons of excess fuel consumed.
o Paving open space and converting farmland to residential and commercial development reduces our ability to produce foods, decreasing food availability and growing food prices around the world.
o Highly skilled employees seek workplaces situated in areas with a top quality of existence, with several transportation options and cost-effective housing nearby. Companies that can't offer this top quality have greater difficulty in recruiting workers than individuals which do.
o Reliability and speed of delivery of products or services is important to business success. Companies are hurt by disinvestment in existing urban centers. Public money is frequently focused on create infrastructure within the next "new" suburb, benefiting companies that relocate although not individuals who remain in place. Companies located "downtown" or perhaps in "old" suburban areas frequently experience roads and roads damaged and congestion- impediments to gain access to by suppliers and customers alike.
o According towards the Texas Transportation Institute, Americans have longer delays, for a longer time of congestion, and also the spread of congestion across increasingly more from the nation's roadways. They claim that traffic jam continuously worsen as the amount of vehicle miles traveled keeps growing.
o Cars and trucks taken into account 43 percent of oil products ingested in the U.S. in 2000 (EIA. Energy Outlook 2002).
o Oil consumption is a vital cause of the U.S. trade deficit. In 2007 the U.S. spent $330 billion on imported oil and oil products. Reliance on imported oil affects U.S. foreign policy.